Polish Independence Day in Dubbo
Polish Independence Day in Dubbo
Eleventh of November, nineteen eighteen, at eleven o'clock, in Paris, a truce was signed, ending the Great War. 11.11.11 it has become a symbol and a warning against atrocities, what was the First World War. Anglo-Saxons celebrate this anniversary very officially. 11 November, at 11 life dies. It is a minute dedicated to the memory of the fallen. Then wreaths in the Memorial Mausoleums and parades of various veterans' formations, through city streets, and almost everyone, in a buttonhole, has a symbol - a red poppy - in it in memory of those terrible carnage in the fields, where the battles of the Great War took place. After the battles, lasting many months, remained: sky, black, earth plowed by missiles and red poppies - a symbol of the continuity of life.
But we, Poles, know, that the redest poppies, are these, which grew from Polish blood, some twenty-five years later, on Italian soil, pod Monte Cassino.
November 11 and us, Polish people, we have ours, holiday. We celebrate the Independence Day of Poland.
Celebration of our holiday, those in Poland, they are limited, maybe because of the bad weather, to lay a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, the speeches of the President of the Republic of Poland and the military parade. Everything in Warsaw.
We are immigrants from Poland, The voluntary ones, and those exiled, we face significant problems, with the celebration of our holiday. Aussie know, with your first and last name, every soldier he has fallen, they even know how many Australian horses have died in all wars, run by Australia. Accordingly, there are no graves of the unknown soldier. It is also uncomfortable to listen to the president, because it speaks, when with us, In Australia, it's deep night. Due to the lack of Polish armed forces, we cannot organize a parade either. But we don't lower our hands.
Poland, is over a thousand years of tradition and one of the oldest and most wonderful Polish traditions, there is a tradition of feasting and this one in turn, cannot do without toasting.
In recent times, and I am thinking of the times after World War II, Polish toasts stayed, for various reasons, heavily limited, to "hundred years" or "bless you". I remember one longer, still from the student days, "For the Soviet fleet - to the bottom!”, but it ended with martial law.
Today, I would like to take this opportunity to remind you, male, probably the most beautiful, Polish toast. The most beautiful, because Polish and Polish, because the most beautiful. Why this one? Well, it is mentioned by foreign historians, writing about Poland, Adam Mickiewicz mentions him, so I also remember, because it's a special toast.
Let me go back in time, please, so I can demonstrate, how deep our history goes, Polish, traditions.
Today we know, that the state of Polan already existed in the 9th century, but we remember the events of the second half of the tenth century more, when is the pagan Prince of Polans, Mieszko, he decided to be baptized and to marry himself, a Christian princess for several generations, Dobrawa. A Christian wedding cannot take place without a feast, and this one, as we know, cannot take place without toasts. I am convinced, that then, Prince Mieszko, he was making that toast, maybe not even for the first time in our history.
And the story goes on in a circle as well, a breakthrough moment for Poland, it is identical to the first and took place in the second half of the 14th century.
Christian for generations, of the house of Anjou, Queen of Poland, Saint Jadwiga, signed an agreement in Krewo, under which, she took for her husband, pagan, Prince of Lithuania, Jogaile. Before the wedding, at baptism, he was given the name Władysław.
We already know, that Christian wedding, just like a momentous event, which was the personal union of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, they could not do without a feast, and this one without toasts. That's clear. There were many reasons to toast I am writing about.
The third and last one, which I want to mention here, turn, in our history, took place in the second half of the 16th century. This time a whole series of events followed.
Polish Courland was attacked by the Russians. They moved to the rescue, under the leadership of the Grand Duke of Lithuania, Lithuanian troops. It quickly turned out, that they cannot cope alone, so the King of Poland, The Grand Duke of Lithuania, called the Crown troops for help. Just at the sight of them, To the Russians, so to say, the aggression passed and they began negotiating for peace. It is also easy to imagine, what the army is doing in the camp, when he's not hitting. But none of these things, which you think about. This time was not wasted. Polish nobility from, there was no nobility in Lithuania at that time, only boyars, with Lithuanian boyars, she agreed, that Poland and Lithuania have more links than they divide, and it would be good, establish a common state.
It was known, that King Zygmunt August, he will die childless. It means, He had many, natural, descendants, mostly daughters, but he also had two, natural, sons. But the problem was that, that the mothers of these sons had husbands, and the king was not the men, so in no way could they be regarded as king's sons.
Peace was made and the army informed the king of their wishes. The king liked the project very much and he started to implement it energetically. While Zygmunt August was still alive, the Union of Lublin was signed, under which, after the death of the last of the Jagiellons, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth will be established. And that's how it happened.
The joy of the emergence of the new state manifested itself through feasts, and these in turn, as we know, they could not do without toasts. Toast, about which I am writing here, he was probably the first, starting the feast, the most important and last, ending the feast.
From this moment, now without a doubt, we know, that this toast was being made on a daily basis. This is evidenced by the diaries of those times, even a colonel in the royal cavalry banner, the first soldier of the Republic, John Chrysostom Pasek, which brings us so well and today known facts about it, that where two Poles meet, there are three sentences, let alone, when more than two Poles come together? It could be very easy, in that case, for a quarrel or any other saber chop. Host, when he noticed, that the atmosphere of the feast becomes denser, he got up and asked for a voice. When it got quiet, the landlord was toasting, who pacified the mood, he softened the morals and distracted the guests from quarrels and directed them towards universal desires, to which not everyone wants to admit, even, in front of themselves. The host was getting up, he raised up a cup and cried out: LET'S MAKE LOVE!