Australia is entirely located in the southern hemisphere. The vast majority of its territory is covered by dry or extremely dry tropical continental climate. This climate is dominated by large temperature fluctuations throughout the day, and little rainfall.
The eastern part of the country is characterized by a humid climate, and the areas in the north of the continent are in the equatorial climate zone. This part of Australia is characterized by a high average annual temperature and a low temperature amplitude, as well as the presence of dry and rainy seasons.
The subtropical maritime climate can be felt in the south-west and south-east coasts. It is characterized by winter rainfall and dry summers. Its range also extends to Tasmania, which has the most rainfall during the year - more than 2 000 mm.
The climate is shaped by a number of variables, to which undoubtedly should be included: the compactness of the continent, surrounded by the relatively warm waters of the oceans, flat type of surface, no mountain ranges along the parallels and a small area of the continent itself.
Australia through it, that it lies in the southern hemisphere, it has seasons reversed in relation to the northern part of the globe. January is hot and dry here, July is the coolest month of the year.
The coolest climate is in the Australian Alps, where even short-term snow cover persists during the winter. The very heart of the continent receives little rainfall, which is caused by. in. the occurrence of the Great Watershed Mountains, being a natural barrier to humid sea air masses. On the eastern side of the mountain range the rainfall is in some places 1000 mmm, and in the western part they are 500 mm. The central part of the continent has the lowest rainfall, where the rainfall is 150 mm.
The average air temperature during the summer months - July and August - is approx 20-25 °C, but in the southeast and Tasmania it can drop to 10 ° C, and in the mountains even up to 5 ° C. Australia's northeastern areas face high temperatures in January, reaching an average of 34 ° C.