Australia - Great Barrier Reef
Australia - Great Barrier Reef
Ten, who loves coral reef diving, he should go to the end of the world at least once in his life, to dive into Australia's magnificent Great Barrier Reef. It is probably the most famous and appreciated reef in the world.
Visible from space ...
In fact, the Great Barrier Reef is made up of approx 3 thousands of smaller reefs and 900 coral islands, which form a strip of width 60 kilometers. The reef is also known as the Great Barrier Reef, it is the largest reef of this type in the world. The reef stretches for a stretch over 2000 kilometers along the east coast of Australia and it is so huge, that it can be seen even from outer space!
How old is the reef?
The age of the local corals is fascinating. The Great Barrier Reef began to form around 18 million years ago, although some of its fragments even count 45 million years. The current shape of the reef was made more or less 2 millions of years ago. The development of the Great Barrier Reef is not over, now new layers of coral are being formed.
The Great Barrier Reef is one of the largest ecosystems in terms of the number of species accumulated in such a small area. There are approx 1500 species of fish, 5000 species of molluscs, 400 coral species, 10 000 types of sponges and 500 species of seaweed. Among the most interesting and frequent inhabitants of the reef, it should be mentioned: movie clownfish, 2 meter border, and also snappers, barakudy, humpback parrot fish and, of course, various species of sharks that are common in Australian waters. There are some of the dangerous species on the reef: crusty, giant drippers (snakes) and woobogong sharks.
The Great Barrier Reef area is protected. W 1975 a national park was established here. Moreover, this area is inscribed on the UNESCO World Natural Heritage List.
The diving capital
The country's diving capital is Cairns. There is a very large number of diving bases here, offering penetration of the underwater world of the Great Barrier Reef. To get to know the charms of the reef, it is best to go on a diving safari. Hikes are offered 3-4 daily, including Ribbon Reefs and Cod Hole and 5-7 daily, where, in addition, the program took into account, among others,: the famous Osprey Reef.
Osprey Reef is one of the most famous and beautiful places of the Great Barrier Reef. Osprey Reef is just a few miles away 350 kilometers from Cairns. The walls of the local corals have their foundations on 1000 meters deep, however, their upper layers are just below the water surface.
Osprey Reef is the only reef in the area, therefore all underwater life focused on it. In addition, there is great visibility here, reaching even to 40 meters.
There are gray reef sharks on the reef. Tradition is already the so-called. “shark feeding”, that is, feeding sharks during diving trips. The shark food is thrown from the ship, after divers have submerged and found themselves in safe places. The impressions are impressive! However, you should always follow the guidance provided by the guides, because sharks when feeding, can be incalculable.
Heron Island is located in the heart of the Great Barrier Reef and, like Osprey Reef, the focus of all underwater life. Diving father Jacques Cousteau rated the island as one of the top ten dive sites in the world. The humpback whales are a great attraction of the reef – characteristic cetaceans with long fins. Humpback whales are impressive, acrobatic way to jump high above the water. They are also famous for their unique songs. Humpback whales make low, very powerful sounds- sound travels hundreds of kilometers.
Yongala steamer sank in a year 1911 during a cyclone impact in the Great Barrier Reef area. It was killed during the crash 121 people. The wreck lay at the bottom untouched until 1958 year, when it was discovered. The Yongala wreck is open to all divers, for it lies at a depth of from 14 do 28 meters. Over time, the wreck became overgrown with a reef. Today, all underwater life is concentrated there. During diving, however, one should not forget about the victims of the disaster – the Yongala wreck is a place of national remembrance.
Fish Rock Cave
Fish Rock Cave is a wonderful place for cave divers of all skill levels. The entrance to the cave is on 23 meters deep. The attraction of the cave is the possibility of admiring giant turtles and sharks. This place is the habitat of gray reef sharks, that live here in huge numbers.