Australian Cities - Sydney
Australian Cities - Sydney
The showcase of Sydney, if not all of Australia, there is a characteristic building of the Opera House, which, in addition, should be considered the most interesting building in terms of architecture on the whole continent.
The opera house is in the style of modern expressionism, a was designed and built by Jørn Utzon and Ove Arup over the years 1957 – 1973. Their design was chosen from among 233 other, which representatives reported as many as 32 countries all over the world, despite the fact that he did not meet all the conditions of the competition.
Ultimately, the construction of the opera began in 1959 year. The time shift was due to the occurrence of numerous difficulties, related to the unusual form of shells in the building's vault. At the same time, it caused a significant increase in construction costs, which significantly exceeded the original cost estimates. In the financial context, there were also quarrels between the opera designers and the Sydney authorities. As a result of growing disputes, the author of the project abandoned 1966 Australia. Only thanks to the involvement of young Australian architects in the construction, work on the opera was finalized. Due to the necessary budget cuts, the finishing standards of the building deteriorated, and thus its acoustics.
It's worth adding, that Jørn Utzon was honored in the year 2003 The Pritzker Prize, and the building itself 28 June 2007 year was entered on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Sydney Opera House is situated on Bennelong Point, protruding into the waters of Sydney Bay, near sky-high skyscrapers in the city center. The opera house is made of steel, concrete and glass, and the cost of the entire investment was 400 million brands. Due to construction delays, the opera house's opening had to be postponed from 1965 year on 1973. The opera house was officially opened 20 October 1973 year, and the guest of honor at that time was Queen Elizabeth II.
The Sydney Opera House has a fan-shaped stage with an audience space 1,5 thousand people. In addition, its building houses three other scenes. They are also there: huge hall of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, smaller drama theater, cinema and recording studios.
The opera house looks great especially at night, when the wind-blown roof is brightly lit.. The whole thing is really impressive.
The opera house can be divided into halls, which are adapted to all kinds of shows. And this is how it should be distinguished: Concert Hall - home of the Sydney Symphony band with a concert stage, that can contain 2679 people; Opera Theater - pro-Jewish theater, home to Opera Australia and The Australian Ballet; Drama Theater - pro-stage theater by Fr. 544 places, used by the Sydney Theater Company; Playhouse, Studio, Utzon Room oraz Forecourt.
World-class stars have performed at the Sydney Opera House: Barbra Streisand, Celine Dion, Luciano Pavarotti i Helena Vondrackova.
Sydney is not only one of the largest and most significant cities in Australia, but also a huge port. Sydney Harbor since its inception, ie the port of Sydney had a great influence on life, and even the mentality of the townspeople.
At present, the area of the entire port, outside the commercial function, it also has attractive recreational values. Lovers of blissful relaxation or active forms of spending free time descend to Sydney Harbor for beautiful beaches, islands and coastal parks.
The port of Sydney is named after Jackson and stretches all the way 20 km inland, connecting with the river Parramatt. There are two headlands at the entrance to the port: North Head i South Head. A few kilometers behind them lies the vast Middle Harbor Bay. In the opinion of locals and tourists, by far the most picturesque part of Sydney Harbor lies on the ocean side, where you can find charming little coves, Sandy beaches, promontories and islands of various sizes.
Sydney Harbor looks completely different from the sea. It is enough to get on a ship and go out into the sea, to see the unique beauty of this place, especially at sunset.
There is a National Park in Sydney Harbor, which includes the remains of the bush remaining in the port area, as well as a few islets. Sydney Harbor National Park has interesting hiking routes, beaches, viewpoints and extraordinary works of art - carvings made by indigenous people of Australia, that is, the Aborigines. The national park stretches along the south coast, including South Head and Nielsen Park, and on the north coast it covers North Head, Dobroyd head, Middle Head i Ashton Park. The park also includes George's Head as well as Obelisk Bay and Middle Head located northeast of Taylor's Bay.
Especially noteworthy is the small one, fortified island, located at the height of Mrs Macquarie's Point, which was once called Pinchgut Fort Denison. At the beginning, recidivists were sent to it, and during the Crimean War, i.e.. in the mid-nineteenth century, fortifications were built on it, because there was fear of an attack by the Russians.
Sydney Harbor is home to the largest island in the bay, the so-called. Goat Island (Goat Island). It used to be a shipyard, quarantine station, and even a gunpowder warehouse. Both Goat Island, as well as Fort Denison are under protection and entered in the register of monuments.
There is something for everyone in Sydney Harbor: atmospheric cafes and restaurants tempt with tasty aromas, the beaches invite to relax, and in the face of the ubiquitous abundance of greenery, it would be a sin not to be tempted to walk.